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X-ray diffractometer 2

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Contact details

Norder, Ben
Applied Sciences (TNW), DelftChemTech, Polymer Materials and Engineering
Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft
Tel : +31 (0)15 27 84262
E-mail : B.Norder@TUDelft.NL
Website : Not available

General Information


X-ray diffractometer 2


Faculty of Applied Sciences, Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft

Key words:

X-Ray, diffraction, powder, diffractometer, phase, identification;, stress, analysis, crystallographic, texture, orientation, strain, analysis, crystallite, determination

Measured quantity:

In X-ray diffraction, a powdered sample of a crystalline material (or in more elaborate methods a single crystal) is irradiated with X-rays of a known wavelength. As a result of the lattice of the crystal(s), different lattice planes will diffract the x-rays. The diffracted X-rays are detected as a function of their diffraction angle, which is related to the position of the lattice planes in the crystal. This results in a pattern of peaks versus diffraction angle (diffraction pattern), in which positions and intensities are typical for (a) crystalline compound. Identification of the crystalline compound(s) takes place using an extensive database of diffraction patterns, or by full profile fitting procedures like the Rietveld-method.

Main application:

X-Ray diffraction analysis is a non-destructive method to determine in crystalline materials (i) the phase composition (ii) the distribution of the orientations of the crystallites and (iii) the (residual) stresses.

Instrument specification


D8 Advance

This instrument has a special track system, which makes it flexible in changing over to other measurement geometries, e.g. for transmission or capillary measurements. Due to the high counting efficiency of the Vantec detector, short measurement times are possible. A Vario-1 incident-beam alpha1 monochromator can be mounted.